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Biodiversity Heritage Library

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing tens of thousands of titles and over 100,000 volumes.

Visit the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.

See a Tag Cloud for the Biodiversity Heritage Library collection.

105,486
RESULTS


collections 5
texts 105,481
TOPIC
Science 6,921
Natural history 6,443
Botany 5,108
Plants 4,433
Zoology 4,289
Flowers Seeds Catalogs 4,100
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs 3,823
Periodicals 3,044
Birds 2,974
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs 2,745
Flowers Catalogs 2,255
Nurseries (Horticulture) Catalogs 2,216
Insects 2,099
Fruit Catalogs 2,021
Entomology 2,001
Seeds Catalogs 1,847
Mollusks 1,814
Gardening Equipment and supplies Catalogs 1,706
Geology 1,673
Bulbs (Plants) Catalogs 1,480
Fishes 1,460
Fisheries 1,408
Shrubs Catalogs 1,344
Paleontology 1,337
Gardening 1,271
Biology 1,268
Insect pests Control United States Periodicals 1,187
Agriculture 1,163
Trees Catalogs 986
Nursery stock Catalogs 951
Nurseries (Horticulture) 931
Fruit trees Seedlings Catalogs 924
Trees Seedlings Catalogs 900
Grasses Seeds Catalogs 797
Fruit Seeds Catalogs 750
Trees 744
1809-1884 739
Engelmann, George, 737
botany 728
Insect pests 727
Fishery resources 718
Flowers 702
Correspondence 698
Forests and forestry 698
Scientific expeditions 687
Bulbs (Plants) Seeds Catalogs 684
Horticulture 674
Agricultural implements Catalogs 656
Fruit trees Catalogs 655
Vegetables Catalogs 618
Letters 601
Lepidoptera 594
Roses Catalogs 582
Seeds 579
Nursery stock 572
Ethnology 566
Marine biology 562
Beetles 500
Classification 491
Fruit 468
Pictorial works 464
Anatomy, Comparative 461
Mammals 450
Oceanography 423
Seed industry and trade Catalogs 411
Bees 399
Ornithology 398
Animals 382
Shrubs 382
Vegetables 380
Horses 376
Shells 349
Horticulture Equipment and supplies Catalogs 348
Crustacea 347
Bulbs (Plants) 337
Fruit-culture 337
Beneficial insects 331
Plants, Ornamental, Catalogs 325
Poultry 316
Strawberries Catalogs 314
Trees Seeds Catalogs 313
Botanical specimens 308
Gardening Catalogs 299
Roses 295
Plants, Ornamental 294
North America 282
Smithsonian Institution 279
Marine animals 277
Microscopy 273
Ornamental trees Catalogs 268
Reptiles 259
Medicine 258
Nursery stock New York (State) Catalogs 258
Hunting 255
Physiology 255
Horticulture Catalogs 253
Evolution 251
Botanists 250
Fruit Seedlings Catalogs 248
Nurseries (Horticulture) Iowa Shenandoah 244
Fruit trees 240
Garden tools Catalogs 236
Plant diseases 234
Butterflies 231
Fruit-culture Catalogs 222
Albatross (Steamer) 219
Fisheries -- United States 218
Fishing 217
Plants Catalogs 217
Vegetables, Seeds, Catalogs 210
Early works to 1800 209
Fungi 209
Invertebrates 209
Commercial catalogs Seeds 205
Marine Biology 205
Gardening United States Equipment and supplies Catalogs 204
Nursery stock Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 203
Grasses 202
Histology 201
Madagascar 200
Natural history -- Periodicals 198
Flowers, Seeds, Catalogs 197
Nursery stock New York (State) New York Catalogs 196
Plants, Ornamental Seeds Catalogs 195
Catalogs and collections 191
Nursery stock Pennsylvania Philadelphia Catalogs 190
Botany, Medical 187
Fruit trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 187
Commercial catalogs 185
Science -- Societies, etc 185
Fruit, Catalogs 184
Seed industry and trade 183
Animal behavior 182
Catalogs 182
Amphibians 181
Veterinary medicine 179
Evergreens Catalogs 177
Science -- Periodicals 176
Wildlife conservation -- United States 176
Nurseries (Horticulture) New York (State) Catalogs 175
Game and game-birds 174
Sciences 174
Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology 172
Plants, Cultivated 168
Graphic media : 167
Nurseries (Horticulture) Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 166
Pteridophyta 166
Flowers, Catalogs 165
Ichthyology 165
Mollusks, Fossil 163
Rose culture 157
Identification 156
Botanical gardens 155
Birds -- Periodicals 154
Discoveries in science 154
Smithsonian Institution. Archives 154
Cereal grasses Catalogs 153
Algae 152
Embryology 152
United States 151
Cactaceae 150
Floriculture 150
Gardens 150
Mathematics 149
1810-1888 148
Fish trade 148
Microscopes 147
Diptera 144
Gray, Asa, 144
Medicinal plants 143
Climbing plants Catalogs 141
Flowers Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 141
Heredity 140
Phytogeography 140
John Lewis Childs (Firm) 139
Botany, Economic 137
Forests and forestry United States Periodicals. 135
Plants -- Classification 134
Natuurwetenschappen 133
Anatomy 132
Nursery stock California Catalogs 132
Pinaceae 132
Antarctica 131
Compositae 131
Bacteriology 129
Forage plants 128
Livestock 127
Ornamental shrubs Catalogs 126
Biologie 125
Marine invertebrates 125
Humanities 123
Cactus Catalogs 122
Nursery stock Ohio Catalogs 122
Liliaceae 121
Trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 120
Grain Seeds Catalogs 119
Plant physiology 118
Poultry Equipment and supplies Catalogs 118
Fruit trees Seeds Catalogs 115
Indians of North America 115
LANGUAGE
english 70,402
german 12,748
french 9,646
latin 2,010
undetermined 1,905
italian 1,867
spanish 1,104
dutch 990
chinese 968
swedish 786
SHOW DETAILS
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
7,061
ITEMS
2.9M
VIEWS
2.9M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
1,035
ITEMS
522,021
VIEWS
522,021
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
312
ITEMS
160,005
VIEWS
160,005
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
67,460
2
1
Includes bibliographies
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
26,881
6
2
Includes bibliography
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
25,483
51
5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
22,315
11
1
Includes bibliographical references and index
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
17,972
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
17,633
0
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
16,181
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Afanas'eva, I. N; Chibisova, O. I; Koziar, L. A
13,911
0
0
Topics: Biology -- English, Biology -- Russian
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
13,160
7
0
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
12,850
1
0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
12,401
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
11,691
0
0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
11,543
0
1
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Smithsonian Institution
10,969
0
0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Includes bibliographic references
( 2 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Hambly, Wilfrid Dyson, 1886-
10,729
0
0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
10,578
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
10,244
1
0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
10,241
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
10,082
0
0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
9,966
0
0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
9,947
3
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
The Library of Congress
9,872
0
0
Topic: Mink farming
Topic: Plants
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
9,444
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
9,417
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
9,361
0
0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
9,332
1
0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
9,314
1
0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
9,247
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
9,142
2
0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,084
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Groombridge, B., Jenkins, M.D., UNEP-WCMC
9,073
1
0
Source: London, UK
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
9,038
0
0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,953
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
8,939
0
0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,929
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Suolahti, Viktor Hugo, 1874-
8,853
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Científica "Antonio Alzate
8,614
0
0
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
8,562
0
0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
8,557
1
2
Supersedes its Technical report no. 4: Shore protection, planning, and design
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Shore protection, Beach erosion, Coastal zone management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
8,551
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
8,528
3
1
Bibliography: p. 18
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,503
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
8,485
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,419
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Two vols. bound together
Topic: Plants -- Cuba
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
8,191
0
1
Includes bibliographical references
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Botanischer Verein, Munich; Botaniska sällskapet, Stockholm; Association internationale des botanistes; Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft
8,151
0
0
Includes section "Neue Literatur" (earlier, "Literatur") which forms a separate vol., 1902-19 (v. 91, 94, 97, 100, etc.)
Topics: Botany, Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,059
0
0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,032
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975
7,969
0
0
Topics: Microscopy -- Technique, Microscopes -- Technique, Diagnosis, Laboratory, Microscopy, Technology,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
7,969
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
7,885
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Blackwelder, Richard E; Blackwelder, Ruth M
7,801
0
0
Topics: Zoologists, Taxonomists, Paleontologists
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Bibliography, Vögel Bibliographie
Includes bibliography
( 1 reviews )
Topic: Microbial metabolites
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
7,771
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
7,723
3
2
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
7,714
1
0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative